Gollnow and Altdamm were held by Brandenburg as a pawn in exchange for reparations, until these were paid in 1693. [12], Swamps in the Randowbruch and Uckermark regions were drained and settled with colonists from the Low Countries from 1718. [9], Kolberg was made the new capital. In the same month, Hanover and Denmark joined the Russian-Prussian treaty of 1714. In the Battle of Stralsund Charles XII of Sweden led the defense until 22 December 1715, when he evacuated to Lund. Dutch colonists were also settled in other parts of Pomerania. [32]:512–515[35]:373ff The German citizens of the former eastern territories of Germany and Poles of German ethnicity from Pomerelia were expelled. There are several universities in the region, the oldest of which, the University of Greifswald, that was founded when Greifswald belonged to Swedish Pomerania, is one of the oldest universities in the world, the second-oldest in the Baltic region after the University of Rostock, and was once the oldest university of Sweden and Prussia. Vorpommern, literally Fore-Pomerania, is the smaller, western part of the former Prussian Province of Pomerania; the eastern part became part of Poland after the end of World War II. Under the German rule the Polish minority suffered discrimination and oppressive measures aimed at eradicating its culture. [11], In 1714, the former position of "Landrat" was abolished, and replaced with that of "Prussian Landrat". Johannes Hoops, Reallexikon der germanischen Altertumskunde, Walter de Gruyter, p.422. The Province of Pomerania (German: Provinz Pommern) was a province of the Kingdom of Prussia and the Free State of Prussia from 1815 until 1945. Pomerania Province Tourism: Tripadvisor has 3,36,612 reviews of Pomerania Province Hotels, Attractions, and Restaurants making it your best Pomerania Province Tourism resource. [31] With the extinction of the Griffin house during the same period, the Duchy of Pomerania was divided between the Swedish Empire and Brandenburg-Prussia in 1648, while Pomerelia remained in with the Polish Crown. [5], On 12 June 1714, king Friedrich Wilhelm I of Brandenburg-Prussia concluded a treaty with the Russian Empire confirming her gains in Swedish Ingermanland, Karelia and Estonia, and in turn received Russian confirmation of his gains in southern Swedish Pomerania. The first president was Ewald von Kleist. [5], On 1 May 1715, Prussia officially declared war on Sweden. Most colonists originated in the Palatinate, Mecklenburg and Poland. Within this ridge, a chain of moraine-dammed lakes constitutes the Pomeranian Lake District. The name Pomerania comes from Slavic po more, which means "Land at the Sea".[1]. On 23 October, Swedish Pomerania was merged into the Prussian province, both now constituting the Province of Pomerania. The soil is generally rather poor, sometimes sandy or marshy.[1]. Its … In March, all French forces left Pomerania, except for Stettin, which was held by the French until 5 December 1813. Also, public buildings were renewed or built new by the Prussian administration. The term "East Pomerania" may similarly carry different meanings, referring either to Farther Pomerania (in German usage and historical usage based on German terminology[4]), or to Pomerelia or the Pomeranian Voivodeship (in Polish usage). Afterwards, its territory became part of Allied-occupied Germany and Poland. Fortified Stettin surrendered without battle, and the province became occupied by the French forces. Huge collection, amazing choice, 100+ million high quality, affordable RF and RM images. [18], The reforms of vom Stein (1807) and Karl August von Hardenberg (1811) abolished serfdom. Agriculture primarily consists of raising livestock, forestry, fishery, and the cultivation of cereals, sugar beets, and potatoes. [7][14], In the years following, new farmland was made available by clearance of woodlands and draining of swamps (e.g. Enlist in our army and rise through the ranks, participate in rallys, fight in raids, and more! The western part of Pomerania belongs to the German states of Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania and Brandenburg, while the eastern part belongs to the West Pomeranian and Pomeranian voivodeships of Poland. [2], Swedish Pomerania was occupied by Denmark and Brandenburg in the Brandenburg-Swedish theater of the Scanian War from 1675–1679, whereby Denmark claimed Rügen and Brandenburg the rest of Pomerania. Jan M Piskorski, Pommern im Wandel der Zeiten, 1999, p.32. Thurbruch, Plönebruch, Schmolsiner Bruch) and lakes (e.g. [Let someone arise from my bones as an avenger]". Top Pomerania Province Monuments & Statues: See reviews and photos of monuments & statues in Pomerania Province, Poland on Tripadvisor. Werner Buchholz, Pommern, Siedler, 1999, pp.263,332,341–343,352–354. Germany › German Notgeld › Pomerania, Prussian province of › Freienwalde in Pommern, City of • Mark (notgeld, 1914-1924) 100 Pfennig = 1 Mark. According to the Treaty of Schwedt on 6 October, Menschikov was paid his war costs by Prussia, and Stettin was occupied by Holstein and Brandenburg troops. [27] While the German population in the Duchy of Pomerania adopted the Protestant reformation in 1534,[28][29][30] the Polish (along with Kashubian) population remained with the Roman Catholic Church. But even more clearly a Province of Pomerania existed previously. and Central Pomeranian dialects are spoken, though Standard German dominates. Most of the region is coastal lowland, being part of the Central European Plain, but its southern, hilly parts belong to the Baltic Ridge, a belt of terminal moraines formed during the Pleistocene. Programs were devised for financial aid to rebuild houses, e.g. The Pomeranian Evangelical Church was based on the teachings brought forward by Martin Luther and other Reformators during … The Thirty Years' War severely ravaged and depopulated narrow Pomerania; few years later this same happened to Pomerelia (the Deluge). [11], On 15 September 1733, Prussian king Frederick William I ordered another administrative reform. There were also cases where those building a house were granted free citizenship, were exonerated from garrison duties, or were given the necessary timber for free. Parts of Pomerania and surrounding regions have constituted a euroregion since 1995. For other uses, see, Historical region on the southern shore of the Baltic Sea in Central Europe, The main burial sights of Pomeranian dukes of the houses of, Prehistory to the Middle Ages (circa 400 A.D. – 1400 A.D.), Renaissance (circa 1400–1700) to Early Modern Age, Cities and towns with more than 50,000 inhabitants, The American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition, 2000, Pomerania. The Province of Pomerania (1653–1815) was a province of Brandenburg-Prussia, the later Kingdom of Prussia. The Kriegskommissariat was subject only to the prince-elector (later king) and not to the provincial government. Provinz Pommern) was a provinceof the Kingdom of Prussiaand the Free State of Prussiafrom 1815 until 1946. So overall, about 1 million people live in the historical region of Hither Pomerania today, while the Szczecin metropolitan area reaches even further. renewable energy components), and sugar refineries, along with paper and wood fabricators. During the 1980s, the Solidarity and Die Wende ("the change") movements overthrew the Communist regimes implemented during the post-war era; since then, Pomerania is democratically governed. [17], The terms of surrender included high war contributions (25,000,000 Taler from the Province of Pomerania alone). Pomorze, therefore, means Along the Sea. At least 50 museums in Poland cover the history of Pomerania, the most important of them being the National Museum in Gdańsk, the Central Pomerania Museum in Słupsk,[40] the Darłowo Museum,[41] the Koszalin Museum,[42] and the National Museum in Szczecin.[43]. In February 1715, Charles seized Wolgast in an advance to reestablish Swedish control in Western Pomerania. A Prussian province on the Baltic Sea situated on both banks of the River Oder, divided into Hither Pomerania (Vorpommern), the western part of the province, and Farther Pomerania (Hinterpommern), the eastern part.Its area is 11,628 square miles, and it contains 1,684,345 inhabitants. Pomerania in Poland.png 508 × 494; 66 KB. Tomasz Kamusella in Prauser and Reeds (eds), The border valley is formed by the rivers, invaded and annexed Pomerelia from Poland, gained the remainder of Swedish Pomerania in 1815, territorial changes of Poland after World War II, most of its speakers were expelled after World War II, The Columbia Encyclopedia, Sixth Edition, 2001-07, "Os pomeranos: um povo sem Estado finca suas raízes no Brasil", "Muzeum Pomorza Środkowego - Strona główna", "Muzeum w Darłowie - Zamek Książąt Pomorskich zaprasza", "Muzeum Narodowe w Szczecinie - Aktualności", Pomeranian dukes castle in Szczecin (Polish, German, English), Collection of historical eBooks about Pomerania (German), Map of Pomerania as in 1905, in German Wikipedia, Woiewództwa Pomorskie i Małborskie oraz Pomerania Elektorska, G.B.A.Rizzi-Zannoni 1772, FEEFHS Map Room: German Empire - East (1882) - Pommern (Pomerania), Prussia, List of placenames in the Province of Pomerania, Western Pomerania Lagoon Area National Park, Evangelical Lutheran Church in Northern Germany, Evangelical Church of the Augsburg Confession in Poland, Evangelical State Church in Prussia (extinct), Post-WWII settlement of Poles and Ukrainians, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Pomerania&oldid=1001606410, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles with unsourced statements from August 2014, Pages using multiple image with auto scaled images, Articles incorporating a citation from the 1913 Catholic Encyclopedia with Wikisource reference, Wikipedia articles incorporating a citation from the 1911 Encyclopaedia Britannica with Wikisource reference, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, VG and locally optional: ANK, GW, HGW, PW, SBG, UEM, WLG, VR and locally optional: GMN, HST, NVP, RDG, and RÜG, This page was last edited on 20 January 2021, at 13:00. Initially only active during wartime, it became a permanent institution in 1660. Three days later, the prince elector called the nobility to assemble at a Landtag in Stargard, that constituted on 19 July 1654, to decide on the further administrative system of the province. [5], On 22 November 1714, King Charles XII of Sweden returned from Turkey to lead the Swedish defense in Pomerania in person. Also, Protestants from the otherwise Catholic Salzburg region arrived Prussia via the Pomeranian ports. [8], The Landtag decrees along with a constitution ("Regimentsverfassung") were issued on 11 July 1654. Detailed information about the coin 1 Pfennig (Demmin; EDEKA), Prussian province of Pomerania, with pictures and collection and swap management : mintage, descriptions, metal, weight, size, value and other numismatic data BomeilaniyaMap.png 501 × 361; 17 KB. Media in category "Maps of Pomerania Province" The following 18 files are in this category, out of 18 total. 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