Ghost Tours and Tales of the Olde Towne Cumberland Gap [8], In 1888, a work camp was established at Cumberland Gap by Scottish-born entrepreneur Alexander Arthur (1846–1912) to house workers needed to build a tunnel for the Knoxville, Cumberland Gap & Louisville Railroad. Fern Lake – a recent addition to the National Historical Park. Middlesboro is the only place in the world where coal is mined inside an astrobleme. Visitors can enjoy a view of the town and tri-state area from 1,200 feet at a nearby mountain peak called Pinnacle Overlook. The path was used by a team of frontiersmen led by Daniel Boone, making it accessible to pioneers who used it to journey into the western frontiers of Kentucky and Tennessee. Map of Town (Click on image to enlarge) Historic District Map (Click on image to enlarge) Zoning Map (Click on image to enlarge) Upcoming Events Jan 25 6:00 pm - 7:00 pm. The historic town of Cumberland Gap is nestled at the foot of the Cumberland Mountains and known by many as the “Gateway to the West.” Rich with history and natural beauty, Cumberland Gap makes for the perfect outdoor getaway. Today 18,000 cars pass beneath the site daily, and 1.2 million people visit the park on the site annually. Resistance on the fault from the opposing Cumberland Mountain to Pine Mountain caused the U-shaped structure of the Middlesboro Syncline. Its population was 494 at the 2010 census, and estimated to be 490 in 2019. [12], U.S. Route 25E passed overland through the gap before the completion of the Cumberland Gap Tunnel in 1996. J. Jason Isbell Lyrics. Lateral compressive forces of sedimentary rocks from deep layers of the Earth's crust pushing upward 320 to 200 million years ago created the thrust sheet. The Wilderness Road Campground in the Cumberland Gap National Park is one of our favourite places to stay on our way down to the southern US. In 1775 Daniel Boone, hired by the Transylvania Company, arrived in the region leading a company of men to widen the path through the gap to make settlement of Kentucky and Tennessee easier. The population was 204 at the 2000 census. The passage through the gap was originally created by herds of woodland buffalo that traveled across it over thousands of years, drawn by the abundance of salt in the region. List of mountain passes in the Appalachian Mountains, "Geology of Cumberland Gap National Historical Park", "Cumberland Gap National Historical Park", "Profile for Cumberland Gap National Historical Park", "Impact at Cumberland Gap: Where Natural and National History Collide", National Register of Historic Places Nomination Form: Cumberland Gap Historic District - Virginia/Kentucky/Tennessee, "Plants: Cumberland Gap National Historical Park", "Animals: Cumberland Gap National Historical Park", Magoffin County Pioneer Village and Museum, Bat Cave and Cascade Caverns State Nature Preserves, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Cumberland_Gap&oldid=1001812515, Rail mountain passes of the United States, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. [1], The majority of the town's downtown area is listed on the National Register of Historic Places as the Cumberland Gap Historic District. Cumberland Gap Town Hall 330 Colwyn Ave Cumberland Gap TN 37724. [2], The discovery of the Middlesboro impact structure has proposed new details in the formation of Cumberland Gap. Fall is a gorgeous time to visit this park. And, as an added convenience, there is free parking available to guests. The park features many hiking trails. It is located near the point where Kentucky, Virginia, and Tennessee meet between Middlesboro, Kentucky, and … In September of that year, Confederate States Army forces under Edmund Kirby Smith occupied the gap during General Braxton Bragg's Kentucky Invasion. [7], The passage created by Cumberland Gap was well traveled by Native Americans long before the arrival of European-American settlers. [6] Detailed mapping by geologists in the 1960s led many to interpret the geological features of the area to be the site of an ancient impact. [6] The town is located below the Cumberland Gap, a historic mountain pass for which is the town's namesake, and inside of the boundaries of Cumberland Gap National Historical Park. It lies within Cumberland Gap National Historical Park and is located on the border of present-day Kentucky and Virginia, approximately 0.25 miles (0.40 km) northeast of the tri-state marker with Tennessee. Olde Towne Cumberland Gap Ghost Tours, Cumberland Gap, Tennessee. Males had a median income of $36,250 versus $17,083 for females. The 1st time we stayed was in March 2009, & most recently, we spent a week at the end of Oct 2010. Town in Claiborne County, Tennessee, United States, Cumberland Gap, as viewed from the Pinnacle Overlook. Location of Cumberland Gap in Claiborne County, Tennessee. (Romance Novel), This page was last edited on 21 January 2021, at 13:31. Cumberland Gap, TN (state tourism department) METTC, Middle East Tennessee Tourism Council. Cumberland Gap ranks 289th in city size in Tennessee according to the 2017 U.S. Census Bureau.[13]. Cumberland Gap, TN - Weather forecast from Theweather.com. The town is quaint, and has merely three humble lodging establishments. The major industry sectors employing Cumberland Gap residents are healthcare, education, arts, and service. Cumberland Gap is a town in Claiborne County, Tennessee, near the Cumberland Gap pass, the Cumberland Gap Tunnel, and the Cumberland Gap National Historical Park. It was an important part of the Wilderness Road and is now part of the Cumberland Gap National Historical Park. The per capita income for the town was $12,005. The following year, in a bloodless engagement in September 1863, Union Army troops under General Ambrose Burnside forced the surrender of 2,300 Confederates defending the gap, gaining Union control of the gap for the remainder of the war. Special mining techniques must be used in the complicated strata of this crater. album: "The Nashville Sound" (2017) Last Of My Kind. The town is located below the Cumberland Gap, a historic mountain pass for which is the town's namesake, and inside of the boundaries of Cumberland Gap National Historical Park. Located within the downtown area, you will find an array of little shops, restaurants, and even a bicycle museum. Further constriction to the northwest of Cumberland Mountain developed into a fault trending north-to-south called the Rocky Face Fault, which eventually cut through Cumberland Mountain. And, as an added convenience, there is free parking available to guests. [2] It lies within Cumberland Gap National Historical Park and is located on the border of present-day Kentucky and Virginia, approximately 0.25 miles (0.40 km) northeast of the tri-state marker with Tennessee. About 9.3% of families and 23.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 26.7% of those under the age of 18 and 28.6% of those 65 or over. [13], The gap and associated historic resources were listed on the National Register of Historic Places as a historic district on May 28, 1980. Cumberland Gap Inn is an excellent choice for travelers visiting Cumberland Gap, offering many helpful amenities designed to enhance your stay. [9] The explorer Thomas Walker gave the name to the Cumberland River in 1750, and the name soon spread to many other features in the region, such as the Cumberland Gap. Shop in our local businesses. [5] Its population was 494 at the 2010 census, and estimated to be 490 in 2019. The earliest written account of Cumberland Gap dates to the 1670s, by Abraham Wood of Virginia. Cumberland Gap, Tennessee Cradled at the foot of the Cumberland Mountains, the town of Cumberland Gap is known for its historic charm. AZLyrics. Municipal Technical Advisory Service (MTAS) 1610 University Avenue Knoxville, Tennessee 37921-6741. For every 100 females, there were 90.7 males. Long used by Native American nations, the Cumberland Gap was brought to the attention of settlers in 1750 by Thomas Walker, a Virginia physician and explorer. To the south, the ridge rises 600 feet (180 m) above the pass, while to the north the Pinnacle Overlook towers 900 feet (270 m) above (elevation 2,505 feet (764 m)). Harlan County Outdoor Recreation Board Authority. This bypassing of the town caused the local economy to decline as annual payrolls for Cumberland Gap dropped 40% in a ten-year span from 1994 (two years before the tunnel's completion) to 2004. The nearest cities are Middlesboro, Kentucky, and Harrogate, Tennessee. Cumberland Gap Master Plan; Town Boards/Committees; Contact Us; Links; Audit Reports; Ordinances; Eat, Shop, Stay and Play; Maps. 4 were here. Arthur, who was attempting to establish a large-scale iron production operation in the Cumberland Gap region, founded the nearby cities of Middlesboro, Kentucky, and Harrogate, Tennessee, and the nearby community of Arthur. Come visit the Historic Town of Cumberland Gap, Tennessee. The Gap, as it is often referred to by locals, has a wide variety of shops, eateries and inns within walking distance. Bell County Kentucky Tourism. The once flat-lying sedimentary rocks were deformed roughly 40 degrees northwest. Phone: (865) 974-0411 Fax: (865) 974-0423 www.mtas.tennessee.edu Rooms at Cumberland Gap Hotel provide a refrigerator and air conditioning, and getting online is easy, with free wifi available. From the Overlook spot, we made our way to the remains of Fort Nathaniel Lyon. CDPs have no governmental authority and exist only for statistical purposes. Historic Town of Cumberland Gap. [16] Over 120 species of birds have been logged in the park on the website eBird. The Cumberland Gap is one of many passes in the Appalachian Mountains but the only one in the continuous Cumberland Mountain ridgeline. In the town, the population was spread out, with 21.1% under the age of 18, 10.3% from 18 to 24, 30.9% from 25 to 44, 23.0% from 45 to 64, and 14.7% who were 65 years of age or older. History Boom. Cumberland Gap, TN is a Place (Town): Often referred to as cities, places can be categorized as Census Designated Places (CDP) or legal entities. Cumberland Gap, TN This 38th Annual Event will begin with Father Christmas riding into town on a big red firetruck. In June 1862, Union Army General George W. Morgan captured the gap for the Union. There were 89 households, out of which 25.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 47.2% were married couples living together, 6.7% had a female householder with no husband present, and 41.6% were nonfamilies. In 1769 Joseph Martin built a fort nearby at present-day Rose Hill, Virginia, on behalf of Walker's land claimants. Tennessee State Parks- Find a park. The town of Cumberland Gap stood directly to the South of us, while to the east, the ridgeline slopped downward into Virginia. Cumberland Gap is a town in Claiborne County, Tennessee, United States. Cumberland Gap Inn: reasonable motel in a great little town - See 98 traveller reviews, 66 candid photos, and great deals for Cumberland Gap Inn at Tripadvisor. Bell County. [1] Food preparation and service-related jobs have become the fastest growing within the town of Cumberland Gap. Visitors to the park can expect to see gray squirrels, white-tailed deer, cottontail rabbits, songbirds, hawks, snakes, turtles, and perhaps black bear or bobcat. The gap was formed by the development of three major structural features: the Pine Mountain Thrust Sheet, the Middlesboro Syncline, and the Rocky Face Fault. The base of the gap is about 300 feet (91 m) above the valley floor, even though the north side of the pass was lowered 20 feet (6.1 m) during the construction of Old U.S. Route 25E. Get directions, reviews and information for Cumberland Gap Town Hall in Cumberland Gap, TN. Discover Downtown Middlesboro. The 12-mile (19 km) long Cumberland Gap consists of four geologic features: the Yellow Creek valley, the natural gap in the Cumberland Mountain ridge, the eroded gap in Pine Mountain, and Middlesboro crater. Menu & Reservations Make Reservations . 34.8% of all households were made up of individuals, and 15.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. Several American Civil War engagements occurred in and around the Cumberland Gap and are known as the Battle of the Cumberland Gap. The Historic Town of Cumberland Gap is nestled at the foot of Cumberland Mountains inside Cumberland Gap National Historical Park. [11] By the 1790s, the trail that Boone and his men built had been widened to accommodate wagon traffic and became known as the Wilderness Road. He will stop at 511 Colwyn Ave, where Mother Christmas and he will sit on the front porch and talk with each and every child waiting to see them. [14], Within the Cumberland Gap National Historical Park there are currently 855 known species of vascular plants identified, but that number is expected to increase with reports from National Park Service inventory and monitoring programs. The Cumberland Gap is a pass through the long ridge of the Cumberland Mountains, within the Appalachian Mountains, near the junction of the U.S. states of Kentucky, Virginia, and Tennessee. According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 0.3 square miles (0.78 km2), all land. You could be in any town Maybe the Cumberland Gap just swallows you whole Maybe the Cumberland Gap just swallows you whole Maybe the Cumberland Gap just swallows you whole Maybe the Cumberland Gap just swallows you whole Submit Corrections. However, according to the American Community Survey, 10% of Cumberland Gap residents work inside of the town limits, with most commuting to other parts of Claiborne County, Middlesboro, and Campbell County.[1]. The presence of shatter cones found also helped confirm the origin of impact. SAVE! 4 Reviews (423) 869-3860 Website. [17], This article is about a mountain pass in the United States. In September 2003, the site was designated a Distinguished Geologic Site by the Kentucky Society of Professional Geologists. The original trail was then restored. [2] In 1966 Robert Dietz discovered shatter cones in nearby sandstone, proving recent speculation. But Martin and his men were chased out of the area by Native Americans, and Martin did not return until 1775.[10]. There are 15 various vegetation communities throughout the park, with some of them in special locations, such as mountain bogs, low-elevation wetlands, and rocky bluffs. Bell County Tourism. Lincoln Memorial University is located in nearby Harrogate. Cumberland Gap Tourism: Tripadvisor has 554 reviews of Cumberland Gap Hotels, Attractions, and Restaurants making it your best Cumberland Gap resource. The nearby town of Cumberland Gap, in Tennessee, is named after the gap. The pass is located in the southeastern United States. Cumberland Gap is a community that has maintained that quiet, small town appeal. It is estimated that between 200,000 and 300,000 European-American settlers passed through the gap on their way into Kentucky and the Ohio Valley before 1810. See Tripadvisor's Cumberland Gap, TN hotel deals and special prices on 30+ hotels all in one spot. ‡This populated place also has portions in an adjacent county or counties, "Cumberland Gap Master Plan and Trailhead Development Plan", "Cumberland Gap National Historic District", "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990", "Census of Population and Housing: Decennial Censuses", "Incorporated Places and Minor Civil Divisions Datasets: Subcounty Resident Population Estimates: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2012", https://www.census.gov/programs-surveys/acs/data/summary-file.html, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Cumberland_Gap,_Tennessee&oldid=999732849, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles to be expanded from January 2021, Wikipedia articles with MusicBrainz area identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, White Lightning Trail Festival - festival held every May celebrating. The places that are legal entities provide governmental functions. Breathtaking beauty and charming “Mayberry” atmosphere will greet you as you come into town. There are several festivals and events held in Cumberland Gap,[1] some of the more notable events include: There are no schools in the town limits, but Cumberland Gap High School located southwest of Harrogate, Tennessee, is in Cumberland Gap's 37724 zip code. Cumberland Gap, natural pass (elevation 1,640 feet [500 metres]) that was cut through the Cumberland Plateau in the eastern United States by former stream activity. The average household size was 2.29 and the average family size was 3.06. Fort Lyon. The Cumberland Gap is one of many passes in the Appalachian Mountains but the only one in the continuous Cumberland Mountain ridgeline. Cumberland is a ghost town in the Shire of Etheridge in Queensland, Australia, located approximately 20 kilometres (12 mi) west of Georgetown, Queensland on the Gulf Developmental Road. Shatter cones, a rock-shattering pattern naturally formed only during impact events, are found in abundance in the area. In 1888, a work camp was established at Cumberland Gap by Scottish-born entrepreneur Alexander Arthur (1846–1912) to house workers needed to build a tunnel for the Knoxville, Cumberland Gap … Mountain Heritage Literary Festival - festival held every June drawing in writers from throughout the country to celebrate writing, This page was last edited on 11 January 2021, at 17:56. Cumberland Gap, on the border of Kentucky, Tennessee and Virginia, is often known for its connection to the adjacent Cumberland Gap National Historical Park. The summers are typically sunny, warm and humid with average high temperatures in the mid to upper 80s F (29-32C). Middlesboro crater is a 3-mile (4.8 km) diameter meteorite impact crater in … [9], In 1996, the completion of the Cumberland Gap Tunnel re-routed US 25E, bypassing the town's central business district. Weather conditions with updates on temperature, humidity, wind speed, snow, pressure, etc. The gap has been mentioned in many other songs, including: ”Tennessee Moon” by Norah Hess features a fictionalization of the Cumberland Gap post-Civil War as the main setting. City of Middlesboro. Come visit the Historic Town of Cumberland Gap, Tennessee. Cumberland Gap is a town in Claiborne County, Tennessee, United States. The population density was 629.9 people per square mile (246.1/km2). [8], The gap was named for Prince William, Duke of Cumberland, son of King George II of Great Britain, who had many places named for him in the American colonies after the Battle of Culloden. [15], Of the 371 species of animals listed so far within the park, 33 are mammals, 89 are birds, 29 amphibians, 15 reptiles, 27 fish, and 187 are insects, however many others remain to be included. As of the census of 2000, there were 204 people, 89 households, and 51 families residing in the town. One of our favourite places! Cumberland Gap Inn: Great Little Town and Inn - See 98 traveller reviews, 66 candid photos, and great deals for Cumberland Gap Inn at Tripadvisor. Cumberland Gap. The median age was 37 years. For other uses, see, Narrow pass through the Cumberland Mountains. It is famous in American colonial history for its role as a key passageway through the lower central Appalachians. This combination of natural geological processes created ideal conditions for weathering and erosion of the rocks. [2] One of three astroblemes in the state, it is a 3.7-mile (6.0 km) diameter meteorite impact crater[5] with the city of Middlesboro, Kentucky, built entirely inside it. Find the perfect hotel within your budget with reviews from real travelers. 1.3K likes. The median income for a household in the town was $36,250, and the median income for a family was $40,625. Best Dining in Cumberland Gap, Tennessee: See 238 Tripadvisor traveler reviews of 6 Cumberland Gap restaurants and search by cuisine, price, location, and more. The racial makeup of the town was 99.02% White and 0.98% Native American. On his arrival, Boone discovered that Martin had already arrived in Powell Valley, where Martin and his men were clearing land for their own settlement – the westernmost settlement in English colonial America at the time. [3], The V-shaped gap serves as a gateway to the west. 4 were here. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 83.0 males. Rooms at Cumberland Gap Hotel provide a refrigerator and air conditioning, and getting online is easy, with free wifi available. [3], Because it is centrally located in the United States, the region around Cumberland Gap experiences all four seasons. [1], Cumberland Gap is located at 36°35′56″N 83°40′2″W / 36.59889°N 83.66722°W / 36.59889; -83.66722 (36.598976, -83.667318).[10]. Less than 300 million years ago a meteorite, "approximately the size of a football field", struck the earth, creating the Middlesboro Crater. "A unique, historic mill refurbished as an inn; very charming and eclectic.Every room has its own theme; we chose Creekside. In the winter months, January through March, temperatures range in the 30s to 40s F (0s C) and are generally mild with rain and few periods of snow.[4]. Shop in our local businesses. [5], Without the Rocky Face Fault, it would have been difficult for pack-horses to navigate this gap and the gap in Pine Mountain near Pineville, and it would be improbable that wagon roads would have been constructed at an early date. Cumberland Gap Inn is an excellent choice for travellers visiting Cumberland Gap, offering many helpful amenities designed to enhance your stay. There were 111 housing units at an average density of 342.8 per square mile (133.9/km2). 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